Inteligencia y Seguridad Frente Externo En Profundidad Economia y Finanzas Transparencia
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Inteligencia y Seguridad  
 
11/12/2013 | Colombia's conflict - War and peace

The Economist Staff

ABROAD they negotiate. At home the casualties mount. An attack by Colombia’s FARC guerrillas on a police station on December 7th left nine people dead. Five soldiers, a policeman and three civilians were killed when members of the FARC's Sixth Front launched mortars from a vegetable truck at the police station in the town of Inzá in southern Cauca province.

 

That gave many already-dubious Colombians another reason to doubt the guerrillas' real intentions in ongoing peace talks in Havana with the government to end the country’s 50-year internal conflict. President Juan Manuel Santos called the attack "irrational".

A day later, the contradictions mounted. FARC commanders said they had ordered their troops to cease all hostilities for 30 days from December 15th "in response to a national clamour". The FARC called on the government to reciprocate by calling off its own military offensive, arguing that public opinion was confused by "this strange cocktail of death and dialogue”. If that sounds like an apt description of the FARC’s own actions, from the guerrillas’ point of view the timing made perfect sense. They will have seen the Inzá attack as a necessary show of force before the announcement of a unilateral ceasefire, and a way to try to pressure the government into following suit.

Mr Santos is not biting. Although the guerrillas have repeatedly called for a bilateral ceasefire, the government has consistently refused, arguing such a move would grant the FARC a reprieve to regroup and strengthen their forces. Following the attack on the police station, Mr Santos said the military should "stay on the offensive" and not give rebels "a minute of respite". A ceasefire would only be on the table if a peace deal is reached "but not before", he said.

Despite violence on the ground, negotiators continued discussions in Havana on the third topic of the six-point peace agenda, which deals with the issue of drug crops and narco-trafficking. The two sides have already reached partial agreements on the issues of rural development and political participation. Citizen groups in Colombia have called on the FARC to maintain its ceasefire until congressional elections in March, and even until presidential elections in May in which Mr Santos will seek re-election. Although such an extended pause in fighting is unlikely, the government is thought to expect more gestures of goodwill from the guerrillas as the elections near in order to win public support for a deal. The peace talks still elicit more scepticism than optimism from the Colombian public. The past few days will not have changed their minds.

The Economist (Reino Unido)

 


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06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
23/11/2008|
23/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
22/08/2008|
22/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
24/05/2008|
24/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
29/04/2008|
11/02/2008|
05/01/2008|
09/12/2007|
18/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/09/2007|
26/08/2007|
25/08/2007|
11/07/2007|
16/06/2007|
16/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
24/04/2007|
24/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
28/02/2007|
28/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
17/11/2006|
30/09/2006|
28/07/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
06/03/2006|
21/02/2006|
17/02/2006|
31/01/2006|
10/01/2006|
28/12/2005|
31/10/2005|
26/09/2005|
29/08/2005|
11/08/2005|
08/08/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House