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Inteligencia y Seguridad  
 
21/04/2013 | The Boston bombings - Still searching for answers

The Economist Staff

OVER the next few days, a clearer picture is likely to emerge of the motivations and possible connections of the two Tsarnaev brothers.

 

 Given that Dzhokhar, the younger of the brothers who was apprehended on Friday night, is in a “serious” rather than a critical condition, he may well face some interrogation quite soon and it is quite possible that he will want to talk about what drove him and Tamerlan to terrorism. But for now, all we have is guesswork based on their background, an initial trawl through their social media footprint and press interviews with relatives, friends and acquaintances.

It seems probable that there was some vaguely jihadist motivation behind their actions. Although neither brother appeared to be especially religious, Tamerlan apparently became more so in recent years, asking his middle-class, Christian American wife to convert. Tamerlan also seems to have become more alienated from his adopted society. While Dzhokhar was socially quite gregarious and was doing well academically, Tamerlan, although a talented boxer, drifted and complained of having no real friends and not understanding Americans. Inevitably, their Russian Caucasus background and the close proximity of their birthplace to Chechnya, with its traumatic post-Soviet history of violence and terrorism, make possible some connection to the cause of Chechen independence. However, Chechen terrorism has been focused on their Russian “oppressors” and it is hard to see how attacking runners in the Boston Marathon in any way fits that pattern.

It is just as likely that Tamerlan, turning more to religion and becoming more hostile towards American society generally, self-radicalised on the internet where there is a multitude of jihadist websites providing both inspiration and practical instruction in bomb-building and other terrorist techniques (the pressure-cooker bombs used in Boston were of a design frequently used by jihadists in Afghanistan, Iraq and elsewhere). Whether he received any further help from al-Qaeda operatives or their ilk is not apparent yet, nor whether he might have left America to receive any more direct training. If so, that will soon emerge, but for now it seems unlikely, as is the possibility of anyone else “running” the two brothers. The chances are that the radicalised and disgruntled brother drew Dzhokhar into a world of virtual jihadism and revenge fantasies, pushing him into becoming an accomplice.

It is impossible to say at present on what spectrum between, say, Lee Boyd Malvo (the younger apprentice of John Allen Muhammad, the Washington sniper) and Faisal Shahzad (the Pakistani-American who tried to bomb Times Square) Tamerlan and Dzhokhar should be placed or whether they should be seen as domestic or international terrorists (or some combination of the two). What can be said with greater confidence is that there will be more such attacks from disaffected individuals: identifying them and stopping them before they strike is almost impossible without maintaining levels of security that would be intolerable in a free society. The best hope is that society is resilient in the face of such threats and that eventually such acts simply go out of fashion.

The Economist (Reino Unido)

 


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27/01/2009|
27/01/2009|
27/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
11/01/2009|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
23/11/2008|
23/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
22/08/2008|
22/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
24/05/2008|
24/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
29/04/2008|
11/02/2008|
05/01/2008|
09/12/2007|
18/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/09/2007|
26/08/2007|
25/08/2007|
11/07/2007|
16/06/2007|
16/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
24/04/2007|
24/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
28/02/2007|
28/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
17/11/2006|
30/09/2006|
28/07/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
06/03/2006|
21/02/2006|
17/02/2006|
31/01/2006|
10/01/2006|
28/12/2005|
31/10/2005|
26/09/2005|
29/08/2005|
11/08/2005|
08/08/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House