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12/03/2017 | Turkey’s president calls the Netherlands “Nazi” after it denies entry to his foreign minister

The Economist Staff

The minister had planned a rally in Rotterdam for a referendum to give Recep Tayyip Erdogan more power.

 

UNTIL this week, the referendum called by Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey’s president, to change his country’s constitution and grant himself almost complete control over the government seemed to be a purely Turkish affair. This was inconvenient for the president’s cause. It would be easier for him to persuade Turks to vote him more power if he could frame the campaign as a battle against foreigners opposed to his rule.

Now Mr Erdogan has succeeded in doing just that. On March 11th the Netherlands refused landing rights to an aeroplane carrying Turkey’s foreign minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, who was on his way to address a referendum rally of Turkish-Dutch dual nationals in Rotterdam. Mark Rutte, the Dutch prime minister, said the two governments had been negotiating to limit the rally’s risks to safety and public order, but that Mr Cavusoglu had threatened to retaliate if he was not allowed in. (In an interview, Mr Cavusoglu had said that if his landing rights were revoked, “our sanctions will be heavy.”) Mr Rutte said the threat made further discussions impossible.

The Turkish reaction was furious. In a speech before a large crowd in Istanbul, Mr Erdogan called the Netherlands “fascist” and (somewhat mysteriously) “a Nazi remnant”. “Let’s see how your planes land in Turkey now,” he added. The Dutch finally lost their cool as well. “It was a bizarre speech. Completely unacceptable,” Mr Rutte said.

Later in the day the confrontation escalated further. The Turkish minister of family affairs, Fatma Kaya, who had been campaigning for the referendum in Germany, entered the Netherlands by car and attempted to visit her country’s consulate in Rotterdam, against the explicit request of the Dutch government. Police prevented her from going in, and an hours-long standoff ensued, at the end of which police forcibly returned her to the German border. Hundreds of Turkish-Dutch who had gathered in front of the consulate began protesting, leading to some clashes with police. Meanwhile, the Turkish government informed the Dutch ambassador, who is outside the country, that he should not return. By the end of the day both countries were confronting a severe degradation in their relations, and wondering how things had deteriorated so quickly.

There are about 400,000 people with a Turkish background living in the Netherlands, and many are entitled to vote in Turkey. That constituency seems quite large enough to merit a few campaign visits, and the Dutch government claims to have no objection to meetings aimed at informing people about the referendum. But plans for such visits have aroused Dutch sensitivities over integration and whether Turkish-Dutch have divided loyalties. Mr Erdogan is extremely unpopular among non-Muslim Dutch, who find it worrying that their Turkish-Dutch compatriots largely support him.

To add to the tension, the Netherlands is preparing for a national election on March 15th, and anxieties over Islam are among the main themes of the campaign. Geert Wilders, the far-right anti-Muslim populist whose Freedom Party (PVV) stands a good chance of winning more votes than any other, has demanded for weeks that Turkish officials be blocked from campaigning for the referendum in the Netherlands. Most mainstream parties have taken a similar line. In Rotterdam the mayor, Ahmed Aboutaleb, himself of Moroccan descent, had warned that he would not allow any Turkish visit to be accompanied by large demonstrations.

In Turkey, however, such reactions are seen as hypocritical. Many Turks note that activists for the Kurdish Workers’ Party (PKK), which both Turkey and Western countries consider a terrorist organisation, are allowed to demonstrate regularly in the Netherlands and other European countries. As Ms Kaya was blocked by Dutch police, she railed at them for violating “democracy, human rights and international law”. Turks saw the detention of a government minister as an unacceptable humiliation. Even Turkey’s main opposition leader, Kemal Kilicdaroglu of the Republican People’s Party (CHP), expressed solidarity with Mr Erdogan, saying the Dutch action merited sanctions.

The Dutch are not the only Europeans to bar officials campaigning for the Turkish referendum. On March 10th Switzerland and Austria blocked Turkish politicians from holding rallies in their countries. And earlier this month, authorities in several German towns cancelled planned rallies by Turkish ministers, citing security concerns. The cancellations came amid mounting concerns in Germany over the fate of Deniz Yücel, a German-Turkish correspondent for Die Welt, a German daily, who was arrested in Turkey in late February and remains in custody. He faces charges of propaganda for a terrorist organisation and inciting violence. The German government has called for Mr Yücel’s release.

In response to the bans, Mr Erdogan accused German authorities, too, of using “Nazi methods”. Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor, said Mr Erdogan's comparison belittled the suffering of the Nazis’ victims: “It is barely possible to comment seriously on such misplaced utterances.”

After Ms Kaya had been returned to Germany, Mr Aboutaleb accused the Turkish consul of “lying” to him by saying that no officials would be coming that day. The minister and her entourage had driven in different convoys towards Rotterdam to avoid Dutch police, he said. She has now been officially declared unwelcome by the government.

Amid the day’s diplomatic wreckage, one person who celebrated the outcome was Mr Wilders. In a tweet, he applauded the government’s move to block Mr Cavusoglu, and claimed credit for applying the needed political pressure: “Nice. Without the PVV this decision never would have been taken!” The confrontation is certain to improve his prospects in the election. Another politician who will benefit is Mr Erdogan. The Turkish minister for European Union affairs, Omer Celik, noted on March 11th that the Dutch ban increases the chance that the referendum will pass. “We know how the Turkish people react to this type of event,” Mr Celik said. “Because of what the Netherlands has done, our people will move towards voting ‘yes’.”

The Economist (Reino Unido)

 



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28/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
27/11/2009|
21/11/2009|
21/11/2009|
18/11/2009|
18/11/2009|
16/11/2009|
16/11/2009|
30/10/2009|
30/10/2009|
11/10/2009|
10/10/2009|
10/10/2009|
07/10/2009|
07/10/2009|
04/10/2009|
30/09/2009|
30/09/2009|
27/09/2009|
27/09/2009|
27/09/2009|
22/09/2009|
20/09/2009|
18/09/2009|
18/09/2009|
18/09/2009|
16/09/2009|
16/09/2009|
16/09/2009|
08/09/2009|
07/09/2009|
06/09/2009|
06/09/2009|
05/09/2009|
05/09/2009|
26/08/2009|
21/08/2009|
19/08/2009|
19/08/2009|
15/08/2009|
15/08/2009|
15/08/2009|
11/08/2009|
11/08/2009|
11/08/2009|
11/08/2009|
19/07/2009|
19/07/2009|
18/07/2009|
18/07/2009|
27/03/2009|
22/03/2009|
22/03/2009|
27/01/2009|
27/01/2009|
27/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
17/01/2009|
11/01/2009|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
06/12/2008|
23/11/2008|
23/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
16/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
04/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
03/11/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
24/10/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
15/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
22/08/2008|
22/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
24/05/2008|
24/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
29/04/2008|
11/02/2008|
05/01/2008|
09/12/2007|
18/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/09/2007|
26/08/2007|
25/08/2007|
11/07/2007|
16/06/2007|
16/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
24/04/2007|
24/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
28/02/2007|
28/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
17/11/2006|
30/09/2006|
28/07/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
06/03/2006|
21/02/2006|
17/02/2006|
31/01/2006|
10/01/2006|
28/12/2005|
31/10/2005|
26/09/2005|
29/08/2005|
11/08/2005|
08/08/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House