Inteligencia y Seguridad Frente Externo En Profundidad Economia y Finanzas Transparencia
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14/08/2016 | The leaders of Turkey and Russia appear to be making up

The Economist Staff

Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s first trip abroad since the failed coup is to meet Vladimir Putin

 

SINCE November, when Turkish forces shot down a Russian jet near the Syrian border, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the president of Turkey, has been one of Russia’s chief enemies. State media regularly excoriated the Islamist-tinged leader. Vladimir Putin, his Russian counterpart, called the downing a “stab in the back by the accomplices of terrorists”. Trade sanctions were slapped on Turkish products while charter flights were banned, slowing lucrative tourist flows to the sunnier country: after 3.6m Russians visited Turkey in 2015, just 184,000 went during the first half of 2016.

That has now changed. On August 9th the two authoritarian leaders met at an event in St Petersburg, complete with porcelain dinner plates featuring their portraits. It followed on from Mr Erdogan formally apologising in a letter to Mr Putin in June, a move the Russian leader had long demanded. “The page has been turned,” says Fyodor Lukyanov of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy, a foreign-policy advisory body.

The meeting ended with pledges to restore battered economic ties and to carry relations, as Mr Erdogan put it, “beyond previous levels.” Plans for the Turkish Stream natural gas pipeline and Russian construction of Turkey’s first nuclear plant look set to resume. Tour operators say charter flights will begin taking off again soon. Russia’s economy minister, Aleksei Ulyukaev, announced that sanctions could be lifted by the end of the year.

Politicians elsewhere worry that the meeting shows Turkey’s pivot away from the West. This stems largely from escalating tensions between Turkey and America over Fethullah Gulen, the Muslim cleric who lives in self-imposed exile in Pennsylvania and whom Mr Erdogan accuses of plotting the botched coup attempt on July 15th. Turkey demands Mr Gulen’s extradition; America so far has refused, arguing that this will be for its courts, not its political leaders, to decide. Pro-government newspapers are now full of conspiracy theories about American involvement in the attempted coup.

Still, a steady long-term alliance between Russia and Turkey remains unlikely. Syria is the key sticking point. Tension had been building long before the plane went down, and boiled over when Russia intervened in support of Bashar al-Assad, Syria’s dictator, in September. Russia would now like to see Turkey reduce its support for rebel groups, especially as the battle for Aleppo intensifies, says Mr Lukyanov. But neither side expects key allegiances to shift any time soon. Indeed, the morning before the summit, Mr Putin sent a new agreement to his parliament to extend the deployment of Russia’s air force at its base near Latakia, on the Syria coast just south of the Turkish border.

The Economist (Reino Unido)

 



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06/09/2008|
06/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
05/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
01/09/2008|
22/08/2008|
22/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
17/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
16/08/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
28/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
19/07/2008|
24/05/2008|
24/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
03/05/2008|
29/04/2008|
11/02/2008|
05/01/2008|
09/12/2007|
18/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
10/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/11/2007|
06/09/2007|
26/08/2007|
25/08/2007|
11/07/2007|
16/06/2007|
16/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
10/06/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
24/04/2007|
24/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
14/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
05/04/2007|
28/02/2007|
28/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
05/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
04/02/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
29/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
11/01/2007|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
27/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
20/12/2006|
17/11/2006|
30/09/2006|
28/07/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
12/04/2006|
06/03/2006|
21/02/2006|
17/02/2006|
31/01/2006|
10/01/2006|
28/12/2005|
31/10/2005|
26/09/2005|
29/08/2005|
11/08/2005|
08/08/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
24/06/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|
03/04/2005|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House